Tuesday, July 14, 2009

grudging: M-W's Word of the Day

Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day
Word of the Day
July 14
\GRUH-jing\   Audio Pronunciation
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     1 : unwilling, reluctant
    *2 : done, given, or allowed unwillingly, reluctantly, or sparingly
Example Sentence
     Lydia's father greeted her new boyfriend with a rather cold and grudging handshake.
   See a map of "grudging" in the Visual Thesaurus.   
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     More than five hundred years have passed since English jurist Sir John Fortescue observed, "Somme . . . obtayne gretter rewardis than thei have disserved, and yit grugge, seying they have [too] litill." Fortescue's "grugge" (an early spelling of the verb "grudge") meant "to grumble and complain," just like its Middle English forerunner, "grucchen," and the Anglo-French word "grucer," which gave rise to the English forms. English speakers had adopted the "complaining" sense of "grudge" by the late 1400s, and by 1500 they had added the extended sense "reluctant." That second sense may have developed because people associated "grudge" with the related word "begrudge" (meaning "to give reluctantly"). "Grudging," which developed from "grudge," made its English debut around 1533.
*Indicates the sense illustrated in the example sentence.
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